ADF Automatic document feeder. The ADF is used to automatically feed originals into the device for copying,
scanning, or faxing.
all-in-one A designation given to HP devices that can perform several functions, such as printing, faxing,
copying, and scanning.
browser Short for Web browser, a software program that is used to locate and open Web pages.
collate The process of printing a multiple-copy job in sets. When collate is selected, the device prints an
entire set before printing additional copies. Otherwise, the device prints the specified number of copies of one
page before printing the subsequent pages.
comma (,) A comma in a fax dial sequence indicates that the device will pause at that point in the dialing
contrast The difference between the dark and light areas of an image. The lower the number value, the more
closely the shades resemble each other. The higher the number, the more the shades appear separate from
dedicated line A single telephone line that is used exclusively for either voice calls or fax calls.
DIMM Dual inline memory module, a small circuit board that holds memory. A single in-line memory module
(SIMM) has a 32-bit path to the memory, whereas a DIMM has a 64-bit path.
distinctive ring A service offered by some telephone companies in some regions/countries that allows two or
three phone numbers to be set up on the same telephone line. Each phone number has a different ring pattern,
and the fax machine can be configured to recognize the distinctive ring of the fax number.
dots per inch (dpi) A measurement of resolution that is used for printing. Generally, more dots per inch result
in a higher resolution, more visible detail in the image, and a larger file size.
DSL Digital subscriber line, a technology that enables a high-speed, direct connection to the Internet through
e-mail (electronic mail) An abbreviation for electronic mail. Software that can be used to electronically
transmit items over a communications network.
fax An abbreviation of facsimile. The electronic encoding of a printed page and the transmission of the
electronic page over a telephone line. The device software can send items to electronic fax programs, which
require a modem and fax software.
fax functions Fax-related tasks that are done from the control panel or software that affect only the current
job, or are done only once before returning to the Ready state, such as clearing memory. These functions are
in their own section in the control-panel menu.
fax settings Fax-related items that, when set or changed, continue to use the choice made until changed
again. An example would be the number of times set for the device to redial a busy number. These settings are
in their own section of the control panel menu.
file format The way the contents of a file are structured by a program or group of programs.
grayscale Shades of gray that represent light and dark portions of an image when color images are
converted to grayscale; colors are represented by various shades of gray.
halftone An image type that simulates grayscale by varying the number of dots. Highly colored areas consist
of a large number of dots, while lighter areas consist of a smaller number of dots.
HP Director A software screen that is used when working with documents. When the document is loaded into
the automatic document feeder (ADF) and the computer is connected directly to the device, the HP Director
appears on the computer screen to initiate faxing, copying, or scanning.
HP ToolboxFX The HP ToolboxFX is a Web page that opens in a Web browser and provides access to the
device management and troubleshooting tools, embedded Web server, and device documentation.
HP ToolboxFX does not support Windows 98, Windows Me, or Macintosh operating systems.
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a suite of internationally adopted standards for end-to-end
digital communication over the public telephone network.
link A connection to a program or device that can be used to send information from the device software to
other programs, such as e-mail, electronic fax, and OCR links.
optical character recognition (OCR) software OCR software converts an electronic image of text, such as
a scanned document, into a form that word processor, spreadsheet, and database programs can use.
pixels per inch (ppi) A measurement of resolution that is used for scanning. Generally, more pixels per inch
result in a higher resolution, more visible detail in the image, and a larger file size.
printer driver A printer driver is a program that software programs use to gain access to a device’s features.
A printer driver translates a software program’s formatting commands (such as page breaks and font selection)
into a printer language (such as PostScript or PCL), and then sends the print file to the device.
private branch exchange (PBX) A small telephone switching system that typically is used by large
businesses or universities to connect all telephone extensions within the organization. A PBX also connects to
the public switched telephone network (PSTN) and may be either manual or dial, depending on the method
used by extensions to place incoming or outgoing calls. Normally, the equipment is owned by the customer
rather than leased from the telephone company.
public switched telephone network (PSTN) The worldwide dial-up telephone network or a portion of that
network. Users are assigned unique phone numbers, which allow them to connect to the PSTN through local
telephone exchange companies. Often, this phrase is used when referring to data or other non-telephone
services carried over a path initially established using normal telephone signaling and ordinary switched long-
distance telephone circuits.
Readiris An optical character recognition (OCR) program that was developed by I.R.I.S. and that is included
with the device software.
resolution The sharpness of an image, measured in dots per inch (dpi). The higher the dpi, the greater the
shared line A single telephone line that is used for both voice and fax calls.
surge protector A device that protects a power supply and communications lines from electrical surges.
TWAIN An industry standard for scanners and software. By using a TWAIN-compliant scanner with a TWAIN-
compliant program, a scan can be initiated from within the program.
URL Uniform resource locator, the global address of documents and resources on the Internet. The first part
of the address indicates what protocol to use, the second part specifies the IP address or the domain name
where the resource is located.
USB Universal serial bus (USB) is a standard that was developed by the USB Implementers Forum, Inc., to
connect computers and peripherals. USB is designed to concurrently connect a single computer USB port to
watermarks A watermark adds background text to a document that is being printed. For example,
“Confidential” can be printed in the background text of a document to indicate that the document is confidential.
A selection can be made from a set of predefined watermarks, and the font, size, angle, and style can be
changed. The printer can place the watermark on the first page only or all pages.
WIA Windows Imaging Architecture (WIA) is an imaging architecture that is available in Windows Me and
Windows XP. A scan can be initiated from within these operating systems by using a WIA-compliant scanner.